The Basics of English Grammar


Grammar is the set of rules that help us to arrange words in a sentence to form a proper meaning. It is the basis of any language and an essential skill for a successful career in any field.

The rules of English grammar can be confusing at first, but with time you will learn to instinctively follow them when writing. The best way to do this is to immerse yourself in proper English grammar usage on a daily basis. This means reading books, newspapers, magazine articles and long-form, well-written pieces. It’s not a bad idea to download a grammar corrector browser extension too so that you can catch any mistakes you make as you go along.


There are two types of nouns: concrete and abstract. Concrete nouns are the names of things that you can see and touch, such as a cat, a dog, a child or a wall. Abstract nouns are the names of things that are not visible to you, such as love, hate and jealousy.

Proper Nouns

There are many different kinds of proper nouns, depending on the type of object they represent and the circumstances in which they are used. Some of the most common are people, places and companies. These are always capitalized, for example Mary, John and Volvo.


Adjectives describe nouns, but they also modify verbs and other adverbs. Examples include lazy, hot, cool, happy and deserted.


Pronouns are words that replace nouns, for example he, she, they and it. They can be either heteronyms (they share the same sound and spelling) or homophonies (they have different sound and spelling).

In general, the heteronyms are more common than the homophonies, although they are still widely used in some contexts. For example, heteronyms are often used in the title of books or articles and they are sometimes used to introduce sentences.

Definite and Indefinite Articles

The articles a, an and the are words that come before nouns to modify or describe them. They are part of a group called determinants. The definite article “the” comes before countable nouns to indicate that they are specific and unique.

They can also be used to describe uncountable nouns. However, this is only true when you know that the noun is not specific to you.

Using Articles correctly is important for effective communication in the English language, especially for beginners. Knowing the difference between definite and indefinite articles and when to use them can help you speak with more confidence and ease.

In a basic declarative statement, the subject should always come before the verb-second. Then, the objects and adverbial phrases (if any) should be placed third.

Having a thorough knowledge of a few simple grammar rules can be very useful in communicating effectively and can enhance your professional, academic or personal life. Grammar is one of the most important aspects of any language, and a simple mistake can have a major impact on the meaning of your message. Good grammar skills can increase your confidence and improve your chances of getting a job or doing better in school. shiney or shiny